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Haiti Signs Resolution towards Military Intervention in Venezuela

Politics

Maxime

At the Organization of American States (OAS) headquarters on Wednesday, September 11, the Jovenel Moïse administration joined with 10 other countries in signing a resolution to convene on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly in New York to decide on measures to be taken against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro. The resolution taken declared the crisis in Venezuela "a clear threat to peace and security" in the region requiring intervention.

The UN General Assembly kicksoff Tuesday the 17th. The signatory countries to the resolution, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, United States, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Paraguay, Dominican Republic, will be joined by Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó and will seek to apply the Inter-American Treaty of Mutual Assistance (TIAR) against President Maduro.

Venezuela is not a signatory to the treaty but opposition leader Juan Guaido led the Venezuelan Parliament to approve it with he, himself, signing in place of the Head of State, Nicolas Maduro. Maduro has rejected the treaty.

The treaty states that any attack against one of the member countries is considered an attack on all members and obliges the signatory countries to take measures, including, if necessary, military recourse, to defend the Attacked state. Although Venezuela is not under any armed aggression from another state or foreign party, the signatories of the resolution are looking to use Article 6 in the treaty to apply it in the absense of an armed attack.

Article 6 states:

"If inviolability or territorial integrity or sovereignty or the political independence of a state are affected by an aggression that does not constitute an armed attack, an extracontinental or intracontinental conflict or any other event or situation that could endanger the peace of America, the advisory body shall meet immediately to agree on measures to be taken in case of aggression on behalf of the victim or, in any event, of those which should be taken for the common defense and the maintenance of peace and the security of the continent."

According to the adopted resolution, the signatory countries estimate the situation in Venezuela enters in the case of this article estimating that "the crisis in Venezuela has a destabilizing impact and represents an obvious threat for the Peace and the security in the Hemisphere."

The resolution signed on Wednesday had the signatures of 11 of the TIAR countries although the agreement, signed in 1947, before the founding of the OAS, includes 17 countries: Argentina, Bahamas, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, United States, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago and Uruguay.

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