NEW YORK, New York, USA (sentinel.ht) – Haiti is the safest destination in the Caribbean, 4th safest in the Caribbean and Central America, according to the 2017 Global Peace Index released Monday.
Information from the report shows that between 2008 and 2016, eight countries improved from the weak to peaceful. These include Algeria, Ecuador, Georgia, Haiti, Sri Lanka, Peru and Uganda. Relative to other countries, which were not very peaceful in 2008, these countries enjoyed greater economic freedom, improved relations with their neighbors, less hostility towards foreigners and more success in the development of their youth.
However, Haiti ranks 83rd among the moderately safe countries but is doing better than its neighbors in the subregion, such as Cuba (88th position), Jamaica (92nd place) and the Dominican Republic (99th place). In the Central American and Caribbean rankings, Haiti is ranked 4th place behind Costa Rica, Panama and Nicaragua. It is followed by Cuba, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago (respectively 5th, 6th And 7th place).
At the hemispheric level, Haiti is better ranked than Bolivia, Honduras and Brazil, which are respectively 86th 106th and 108th. The United States lost 11 places (114th) while Russia ranks 151st. The North American score deteriorated dramatically as a result of the United States, as well as the deterioration of several indicators, the homicide rate, the perceived level of crime in society, and the intensity of internal conflict.
The latter is said to be due to increased political polarization within the American political system.
The eleventh edition of the GPI – the only statistical measure of its kind – makes it possible to classify 163 independent states according to the level of peace prevailing there (or, conversely, how dangerous they are).
“The world has become slightly more peaceful compared to the previous year, with an average increase in peace of 0.28 percent. 93 countries had improved their peace levels, while 68 countries had deteriorated and the gap between the more modest and the more peaceful countries had increased.”
The 163 states cover more than 99.7% of the world’s population and are evaluated using 23 indicators, each on a scale of 1 to 5. The index measures world peace using three main themes: Security in society, the extent of internal and international conflicts and the degree of militarization. On average, the index indicates that violence accounts for 37% of GDP in the ten least peaceful countries, compared with only 3% for the ten most peaceful countries.
With regard to the economic impact of conflicts, research revealed that in 2016 it represented $14.3 trillion, or 12.6% of global GDP. Although it is still very high, $1,953 for every person in the world, it is slightly down 3% from 2015 and this is the first reduction since 2011.
On average, violence represents 37 % Of GDP in the ten least peaceful countries compared to only 3% for the ten most peaceful countries. Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008. It is at the top of the index in front of New Zealand, Portugal, Austria and Denmark, all highly ranked in the GPI Of 2016.
There is also very little change at the bottom of the index. Syria remains the least peaceful country in the world, followed by Afghanistan, Iraq, Southern Sudan and Yemen.