NEW YORK, New York, US (sentinel.ht) – The United Nations Security Council released a report where it found the Haitian National Police (PNH) are largely dependent on the peacekeeping mission in Haiti. October 15, 2016 marks the end of mandate of the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and the Security Council is likely to vote for an extension of the mission to 13 years.
The aforementioned report covers major developments for the period of March 8, 2016 to August 31, 2016. An excerpt:
Capacity of the National Police of Haiti (PNH):
The National Police must solve its problems of institutional and operational before you can operate effectively without the support of the international community. In a number of key areas, the thresholds are not achieved: this is particularly the case as regards the number of police officers per capita, geographic coverage displayed by force, its ability to manage the disorder for public order and crime and its internal management. Given the recent decision to reduce the number of police cadets and the annual attrition rate, it is expected that the National Police will have 14,000 officers in February 2017, and that police / population ratio would be approximately 1.3 police officer per 1,000 population. This would mean a significant improvement over the 2012 and 2004 ratios, 0.98 and 0.73 respectively, but remain below the ratio of 2.2 officers per 1,000 residents found worldwide. The percentage of women remain meanwhile 9%, ie below the target of 11%.
Despite progress following the creation of the National Police Academy in 2012 and the implementation of high holding training programs, about a quarter of police management positions remain vacant, leading to failures in institution’s management. Regarding geographical coverage, the police are only present in 261 of 570 communes.
Overall, the number of police stations is still inadequate and should be more staff at each station, especially along the border and territorial waters, as it would strengthen the staff of the transport police , forensic and criminal investigation sections.
However, the police showed improving its capacity for management of disturbing public order and fight against crime. During the period, law enforcement companies have successfully managed events with minimal support of MINUSTAH. Police also made considerable progress thanks to improved training in areas such as the activities of the judicial police, the fight against drugs and the fight against kidnapping. However, in other areas, such as awareness of human rights, internal control, strategic planning and maintenance of facilities and equipment, the institution still needs help from the international community.
Police also continued to depend on the support of MINUSTAH in the field of the fight against crime and violence against street gangs. In this regard, the police still do not have an effective criminal intelligence office that can produce reliable information or resources to conduct criminal investigations to prevent and solve serious crimes and fight against organized criminal networks.
Despite progress made in the implementation of community policing initiatives in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince, the action of the National Police fishing by the absence of implementing coordinated and comprehensive programs proximity nationwide. Overall, if it is able to function relatively well in the greater metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince, with the advice and operational support provided to it daily MINUSTAH, the National Police continue to need international assistance to address gaps at the administrative level and to achieve decentralize its services and expand outside the capital.