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By decree, Martelly reinstates Haitian army

Staff Writer

Haiti Sentinel

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti ( – After the fall of the National Assembly, President Michel Martelly promised the only decree would be for the organization of elections, but since has issued more than a dozen controversial decrees. The latest is the reinstatement of the army, Armed Forces of Haiti.

The decree came from a decision made at a Council of Ministers on October 9, 2015. The de facto government led by Prime Minister Evans Paul adopted the “Decree on the Organization and Functioning of the Ministry of Defense” which officially remobilized the FAdH”.

To fulfill its mission, the Ministry of Defense has organized structures, including the Armed Forces of Haiti, reads Article 5 of Le Moniteur #205 of October 26, 2015. Article 65 states that “the Armed Forces of Haiti are in charge of the defense and integrity the territory of the Republic. The armed forces of Haiti are governed by articles 264, 264-1, 264-2, 264-3, 265, 265 to 1.267, 267-1, 267-2, 267-3, 267-4, 267- 5, 268 and 268-3 of the 1987 Constitution, amended on May 9, 2011.”

Article 66 reads that the decree “repeals all laws or provisions of laws, decrees or provisions of decrees, all decrees or provisions of decrees, contrary to it and will be executed at the instance of the defense minister. ” No information regarding the size of the force or its budget has been disclosed.

The timing of the decree is one of the most concerning as it comes with a totalitarian regime in place that is expected to leave office on February 7, 2016. Haitians are protesting almost daily against an electoral process where Martelly is trying to force in his party’s candidate, Jovenel Moïse.

The Haitian army was disbanded in 1994. It had a history of being politicized and corruptible. It was brutal against the population in dictatorships and responsible for coups in democracy, as in 1991 which ultimately led to the disbanding.

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Post source : Le Nouvelliste

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  1. […] The recent reinstatement of the Haitian armed forces, 20 years after former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide disbanded them, adds a new set of actors and another layer of complexity to already shaky security and justice institutions. Crises like the present one will test whether or not the army can be a stabilizing force, which is an uncertain proposition given its historical inability to stay above the political fray. If it does not develop into an impartial and apolitical institution, the army risks adding fuel to an already combustible environment. One of the most important tasks for Haiti’s new leaders will be to create effective frameworks to manage, govern, and oversee the reinstatement process. […]